"Excellent new and popular songs on Queen Caroline of England. Adapted to the most popular tunes. ... Marshall, Printer, Newcastle" Probable date: 1820. The songs are:
(1) "God Save the Queen. A New Song. By Samuel Bamford, Weaver, who has been well designated as the "Burns of Lancashire," and who is now confined in the Castle of Lincoln, for having attended the Meeting at Manchester, on the ever memorable 16th of August, 1819." [A new version of the National Anthem.]
(2) "Britons claim her as your Queen... Tune -- Scots wha ha'e wi' Wallace bled."
(3) "Queen Caroline's Return. Tune -- "Rule Britannia.""
Manuscript note at head: "51" [a page-number in a collection?]
Physical description: 1 sheet : 38 x 17 cm.
(1) Queen Caroline (1768-1821) was the estranged wife of George IV. Her husband succeeded to the throne on the death of his father (George III) in 1820. When this happened, Caroline came back to London, having been living abroad, indulging in "indiscretions". The King refused to have anything to do with her, and a bill was introduced into Parliament to strip her of the title of Queen, and grant the King a divorce. This "trial" collapsed, but not before considerable popular support had been shown for Caroline, with addresses of sympathy pouring in.
(2) Samuel Bamford (1788-1872) was a weaver and working-class hero, from Manchester (he was born at Middleton). The 1819 "Meeting at Manchester" culminated in the "Peterloo Massacre". Bamford was imprisoned, even though his part in the proceedings had been peaceful.
(3) John Marshall, the printer, had printing businesses and circulating libraries in Newcastle (Cloth Market) and Gateshead (Bottle Bank or Church Street), between 1810 and 1831. He was a radical, who would support people like Bamford, and causes like that of Queen Caroline.
Production / content date: 1820?
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